Autonomy in the US

“We in the Black Panther Party, because of our dedication and understanding, went into the valley knowing that the people are in the valley, knowing that our plight is the same plight as the people in the valley, knowing that our enemies are on the mountain, to our friends are in the valley, and even though its nice to be on the mountaintop, we’re going back to the valley. Because we understand that there’s work to be done in the valley, and when we get through with this work in the valley, then we got to go to the mountaintop. We’re going to the mountaintop because there’s a motherfucker on the mountaintop that’s playing King, and he’s been bullshitting us. And weve got to go up on the mountain top not for the purpose of living his life style and living like he lives. We’ve got to go up on the mountain top to make this m***erf***er understand, goddamnit, that we are coming from the valley!”

- Fred Hampton, Power Anywhere Where There’s People. Speech delivered at Olivet Church, 1969


IWW and PLM


Lucy E. Parsons
Lucy Parsons was a African, Native and Mexican-American anarchist labor activist in the United States in the second half of the 19th century. Known for her fiery oratory and ability to mobilize masses, the Chicago police labeled Parsons “more dangerous than a thousand rioters.” See the Lucy Parsons Project for her biography.


Partido Liberal Mexicano and the Experience of Magonismo


Johnson-Forrest Tendency

“In one department of a certain plant in the U.S. there is a worker who is physically incapable of carrying out his duties. . . . The  workers in that department have organized their work so that for nearly ten years he has had practically nothing to do. . . . this is the socialist society.”

- CLR James, 1958


League of Revolutionary Black Workers


Black Panther Party


Harry Cleaver and Autonomist Marxism in the United States


Recommended Texts and Fellow Travelers: